Rail and Quarry Age, 1830 - 1870
Box Tunnel is far from the oldest structure in the village but it became the defining image of Box after 1841 because it was a unique and constant picture of the modern village. It remains one of the industrial marvels of the period.
The tunnel also discovered the stone under Box Hill and brought wealth and employment to the area. This series features the story of the period from 1830 to 1870, which defined our understanding of Box.
The single-most dramatic event in the history of Box was probably the coming of the railway in 1841. It altered the future of the village making it into an industrial area, causing the building of new roads and new hamlets called Box Hill and Quarry Hill, and creating a huge increase in population from 1,550 people in 1831 to 2,274 in 1841.
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